World Syria's War Has Never Been More International

02:10  15 february  2018
02:10  15 february  2018 Source:   The Atlantic

US and Turkey 'to defuse N Syria crisis'

  US and Turkey 'to defuse N Syria crisis' The threat of military confrontation in northern Syria between the two Nato allies has been brewing.The Nato allies said joint teams would meet straight away to work through their diplomatic differences, including a dispute over the city of Manbij.

Much Syrian blood was shed to eject France from Syria , between the 1920 and the 1940 s . These are two distinct things. The United Nations has been unable to prevent war (the main reason for its International law is clear in support of Syrian sovereignty and against foreign aggression, but the

(It reads: “I support Syria against a ‘civil’ war that is funded, armed and planned by the western powers and their regional In another statement gleaned from Russian officials, Bartlett claims that Al Quds Hospital was never bombed: Other points about Aleppo are , hospitals in Aleppo have been attacked.

  Syria's War Has Never Been More International © Khalil Ashawi / Reuters If the coming defeat of ISIS and rebel forces in Syria was supposed to bring an end to the seven-year conflict there, no one told Iran, Israel, Turkey, Russia, or the United States.

Consider the stunning events that have occurred in the last three weeks alone: Last month, Turkey, with Russian approval, launched a military offensive in northwestern Syria against Kurdish fighters it views as terrorists and America views as counterterrorism allies. Last week, the United States killed numerous Russian mercenaries who were advancing on a U.S.-Kurdish base in eastern Syria. Last weekend, Israel intercepted an Iranian drone in Israeli airspace and struck Iranian and Syrian military targets in Syria, prompting Syria to shoot down an Israeli fighter jet and Russia to reportedly pressure the Israelis into holding their return fire—for the time being at least.

Russia says five of its civilians may have been killed in Syria by U.S.-led forces

  Russia says five of its civilians may have been killed in Syria by U.S.-led forces <p>Five Russian citizens may have been killed in Syria in clashes with U.S.-led coalition forces this month, but they were not Russian military personnel, the Russian foreign ministry said.</p>"Based on preliminary information, as a result of an armed encounter, the reasons for which are now being investigated, we could be talking about the deaths of five people," the spokeswoman, Maria Zakharova, told a briefing.

France’ s direct combat involvement in Syria is fairly recent; having enlisted in international airstrikes in Iraq last year, in September France joined a long list of The Washington Post maps the flow of foreign fighters to Syria . Have more questions on the Syrian Civil War ? But they never came.

"There is no civil defence, there is no first aid. [Assad] destroyed the country and killed many people," an Aleppo resident named Deadly airstrikes in Syria highlight international failure to end 'barbaric war '. "The real war on terrorism has never started yet. The advent of Syrian victory is imminent."

This isn’t just another spasm of violence in a seemingly never-ending war. This is about confrontation between the world’s two largest military powers, America and Russia; between two NATO members, America and Turkey; and between sworn enemies, Israel and Iran. “There is something different about this,” said Faysal Itani, an expert on the Syrian conflict at the Atlantic Council. “It’s never been as much of an international war as it has now become. … I know it’s always been portrayed as that, but that was never really true.”

“We’re moving from the Syrian Civil War to the Syrian War,” just as Lebanon’s civil war morphed into an international contest over Lebanese territory in the 1970s and ’80s, argued Andrew Tabler, a Syria-watcher at the Washington Institute.

Syria 'repels' Israeli surveillance aircraft: state media

  Syria 'repels' Israeli surveillance aircraft: state media Syria on Wednesday repelled Israeli surveillance planes that breached its southern border, state media reported, days after an Israeli fighter jet was downed during raids on the war-torn country. "Syrian air defences have repelled Israeli surveillance planes over Quneitra, forcing them to leave Syrian airspace," the official SANA news agency said.On Saturday, the Syrian government said it fended off an Israeli raid on a military base in the centre of the country, hitting more than one warplane.

Amnesty International first alleged war crimes in Syria , against the government of President Bashar fighting and possible war crimes, by whomsoever committed, that might otherwise never have been . Life may have been good for many in vibrant cities, but it was far from idyllic for everyone, and there

Clashes are still ongoing near Badawi al Jasir. After over 6 years of war in Syria , Israel has found that something is not going along with their vision of the situation. More . Zainab Ali. The Syrian economy and infrastructure has been destroyed. The Khazars never lose, they wake up every day dreaming of

Previous international flare-ups in the conflict, such as Turkey’s downing of a Russian warplane that entered Turkish airspace, or America’s bombing of a Syrian air base over the Syrian government’s use of chemical weapons, occurred in the context of the civil war, Itani told me. With the exception of Israel, every foreign actor involved in Syria picked a side in the struggle between President Bashar al-Assad and the armed opposition to his regime. Now Assad, propped up by Iran and Russia, has prevailed over the opposition. But none of these foreign actors is satisfied with the status quo. As a result, each is probing how far it can go in securing its interests—often quite literally, as with Russia, the United States, and their various allies tussling over territory along the banks of the Euphrates River.

“The question left is a) who controls what in terms of territory and … b) who is allowed to get away with what,” Itani said. “What are the things [each party] can and can’t accept? What are the risks they’re willing to take? These are not things that the governments can sit down and decide unilaterally. They have to test the other side out.”

American strike in Syria killed 5 Russians, Moscow says

  American strike in Syria killed 5 Russians, Moscow says The incident marks the first time Russians and Americans have become directly engaged in combat in Syria.Maria Zakharova, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, told a briefing that none of the dead were military personnel. They were killed in a clash in the eastern Deir el-Zour province on Feb. 7.

It will never be restored. The consensus within Syrian society has been ruined. The western part of the country is torn by a civil war . This region is mostly controlled by government forces. In eastern Syria , an international coalition is fighting Daesh," Magen explained.

Syria ’ s majority are Sunni Muslim, while 12 more than cent are Alawite Muslims and four per cent are Druze. * As told to Amnesty International ’s Sara Saleh by 20 year old Tara*, one of the 2.5 million refugees who have fled the war in Syria .

“The Syrian war has now been outsourced,” said Christopher Phillips, a Syria scholar at Queen Mary University of London. “The decision-makers are now not really Syrians, perhaps with the exception of Assad.” Foreign involvement in the civil war first took the form of “diplomatic support, then it was economic support, then it was material support for fighters, then it was fighting themselves directly. … And I don’t see why that shouldn’t continue.”

Turkey, for example, isn’t willing to accept the entrenchment of a U.S.-supported Kurdish militia, which the Turkish government associates with Kurdish insurgents in Turkey, right across its border. The United States seems determined to hold ground in Syria to prevent the resurgence of terrorist groups and frustrate Iran’s plans to extend its power across the Eastern Mediterranean. Israel shares America’s goal of countering Iran, particularly at its border with Syria.

Russia, meanwhile, is bent on preserving a friendly government in Damascus and a military presence on the Mediterranean, while casting itself as a global power player on par with America. The Iranians—currently “the single-most influential player” in Syria—are “trying to establish a long-term strategic military infrastructure in [Syria], build missile-production facilities, move precision-guided munitions,” Itani said. Both nations are upset that the United States is not departing the country,” Tabler said.

Turkey denies use of chemicals in Syria's Afrin, says accusations baseless

  Turkey denies use of chemicals in Syria's Afrin, says accusations baseless Turkey never used chemical weapons in its operations in Syria, and takes the utmost care of civilians, a Turkish diplomatic source said, after Syrian Kurdish forces and a monitoring group accused it of carrying out a gas attack in Syria's Afrin region."These are baseless accusations. Turkey never used chemical weapons. We take utmost care about civilians in Operation Olive Branch," the source said.

The horror of Syria ' s war is in the millions of pictures that are too gruesome to circulate—charred Like most countries, Syria signed the Rome Statute, which, according to U.N. rules, means that it is But, because Syria never actually ratified the document, the International Criminal Court has no

The war hasn’t downgraded the opposition’s ability to govern, because it never had any such ability. Coupled with the regional and international rejection of a major redrawing of territorial divisions and the fact that the political economy of Syria has Aleppo was Syria ’ s most important city before the war .

Who Controls What in Syria

a close up of a map © Provided by Atlantic Media Company

Phillips pointed to Turkey’s military campaign in the Kurdish north as the most consequential recent development. “Of the four forces that were on the board in the Syrian Civil War—Assad, the rebels, ISIS, and the Kurds—two of those, ISIS and the rebels, have either been destroyed or neutralized, leaving the Kurds and Assad left,” he noted. Turkey’s intervention has weakened the Kurds and the Kurdish alliance with the United States, which might explain why Russian mercenaries and other forces allied to Assad felt emboldened to march on the U.S.-Kurdish base in eastern Syria last week.

Ultimately, however, Turkey and Russia aren’t going to go to war with the United States over Syria, Tabler said. Accidents are possible, but the Trump administrationso far has shown that they can be precise in how they intervene in Syria and they don’t get sucked in.”The most likely conflict to spiral out of control, according to Tabler, is the one between Israel and Iran or its surrogates. (Israel fought a war with Iran’s premier proxy force, the Lebanese militia Hezbollah, in 2006.) If the fighting “takes place in Lebanon, there’s a chance for major escalation involving surface-to-surface missiles and other things,” he predicted. “If it takes place in Syria, it’s a different environment: not so many missiles, more land and air action, [with] some risk to Israeli aircraft.” (Israel has conducted roughly 100 strikes in Syria since the civil war began, with few repercussions until this past weekend.)

Body of 'hero' Russian pilot killed in Syria brought home

  Body of 'hero' Russian pilot killed in Syria brought home <p>The body of a Russian pilot killed in fighting with Islamists in Syria has been brought back to his home country, the defense ministry in Moscow said.</p>"In cooperation with Turkish colleagues, Russian military intelligence brought back to Russia the body of an attack pilot, Major Roman Filipov, who died as a hero on February 3," the defense ministry said.

Syria Deeply — Syria news. In-depth coverage of the war in Syria . Always noise-free, always trustworthy. Learn more about us. But as long as international political interests dominate what should be a national dialogue, the desperate situation will only become worse.

How Syria ’ s civil war began — and why America cares so much . As they saw it, the critical issue was never the Syrian civil war , which the president had decided was too risky to intervene in. Rather, it was the use of chemical weapons — a particularly heinous act prohibited by international law.

“It’s all but inevitable that there will be an engagement between the Israelis and the Iranians,” said Itani. Assad will eventually seek to recapture territory in southwestern Syria, bringing his Iranian allies to Israel’s border. The Israelis appear to have lost faith in the Russians to restrain Assad and Iran from making such moves, he noted. “There’s not going to be [an Israeli] ground invasion of Syria,” Itani added. But Israel could chip away at Iran’s military capability with air strikes, or “either seize a bit of territory [in southern Syria] or get somebody to seize territory on their behalf.”

Phillips recalled that when Turkey shot down the Russian jet in 2015, Russia retaliated with economic sanctions that proved effective because the two countries had close economic ties. Iran and Israel don’t have many non-military levers to pull in the event of a clash, increasing the likelihood that they resort to tit-for-tat military force.

One explanation for why the Syrian war has escalated so dramatically in recent weeks is that “as wars come to their end, they’re often at their most violent,” Phillips said, noting how casualties soared in Lebanon in 1989, the last year of that nation’s 15-year war. “It’s when the tectonic plates are beginning to shift that people suddenly scramble around to try to consolidate and maximize their gains before any peace settlement comes.”

But another explanation is that we’re not even close to the “1989” stage of the Syrian war. Itani observed that the outcome of the Lebanese Civil War, which erupted in 1975, was “essentially decided” by 1976, “when it became clear that the Palestinians were not going to be able to overthrow the Christian-dominated state [and] that the Syrians in the end were going to be the shot-callers. … But there were a series of other wars, mostly caused by the Syrians and the Israelis and Iran and Iraq, that took us all the way to 1990, to find a settlement that only happened because [Syria] imposed its will on 90 percent of the country and the other 10 percent went to Israel.” The bulk of the conflict was “a war over spoils. It wasn’t a war deciding the shape and character of the country.”

US-led coalition conducts defensive strikes against Syrian pro-regime forces after unprovoked attack

  US-led coalition conducts defensive strikes against Syrian pro-regime forces after unprovoked attack The US-led coalition fighting ISIS in Syria conducted strikes against pro-regime forces in Syria Wednesday, the coalition said in a statement. The coalition said the strikes were carried out after forces allied to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad "initiated an unprovoked attack" against a well-established Syrian Democratic Forces headquarters where coalition advisers were working with US-backed Syrian fighters.A US official told CNN that the attackers crossed the Euphrates River and were armed with artillery and other weapons.

This article is about support to Syrian Civil War factions and international involvement. Most parties involved in the war in Syria receive various types of support from foreign countries be defending the criminal regime that kills its own people and that has never fired a shot in defense of the Palestinians".

Korea has been locked into more than half a century of unstable stalemate that is now going In the case of the Kurds, they now occupy areas in both Iraq and Syria that have never been Kurdish As a result of the civil war , total international reserves have declined from billion at end-2010 to an

The Syrian conflict, by comparison, is much more difficult to resolve, because “Syria is partitioned by foreign powers, and there are a lot of them, and they’re all pretty powerful, and many of them have a border with Syria,” Itani said. (Syria borders five countries, Lebanon just two.) Compounding the challenge is that these foreign powers have staked out “irreconcilable positions.” Iran and Israel “cannot want the same thing in Syria,” while “Turkey cannot accept a [Kurdish]-run statelet on its border.” The United States is staying in Syria “to keep ISIS out, which could take forever for all I know, and to push back against the Iranians in the region, which is another agenda the Iranians cannot accept. … And then on top of all that you have Bashar al-Assad, who wants to retake his country and reconstitute his regime, and that can’t happen either. I don’t see anything remotely resembling grounds for a settlement in this country. No way.”

“I can’t think of a historical parallel, in the Middle East at least, with so many powerful external actors directly involved,” said Phillips in regard to Syria. Going forward, “I would expect more conflict but [fewer] question marks about who’s going to rule in Syria.” In his view, the answer is clearly trending in the direction of Russia and Iran, which have made the biggest investments in the war. “They are not going to walk away from this.”

The Syrian war, Tabler told me, “could go on for a very long time.”

Syria denies possessing chemical arms, says use 'unacceptable' .
<p>The Syrian government on Wednesday denied it possessed chemical weapons and branded the use of such arms "immoral and unacceptable."</p>"Syria's government categorically denies possessing ... chemical weapons. We consider the use of such arms as immoral and unacceptable, whatever the context," said Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad, quoted by state news agency SANA.

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